Monday, 19 September 2016

Treating Joint And Muscle Pain

Joint and muscle pain is a very common symptom experienced by people, especially elders. Constant wear and tear of joints can lead to pain in older people. In the UK, many people live with chronic joint and muscle pain. Joint pain can involve more than one joint. Multiple joint pains can be an indication of some underlying condition. Similarly, muscle pain can involves more than one group of muscles.

Inflammation is the root cause of many joint and muscle pain. The body, after an injury or inflammation, releases prostaglandins that are known to cause pain and discomfort. However, there could be other reasons associated with pain.

Common causes
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Ankylosing Spondylitis
  • Tendinitis, bursitis and gout 
  • Spasms
  • Trauma or mechanical injury

Treating Joint and Muscle Pain

Home Care
With a few simple home care techniques, you can alleviate your joint and muscle pain. Wrap a brace around the painful joint and avoid physical activities that cause pain. Cold application relieves pain and inflammation. Warm application applications help in reducing the stiffness of the joint. If home care does not work, you need to check with a GP for painkillers.

There are many over-the-counter and prescription medicines to treat joint and muscle pain. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as Ibuprofen, Aspirin or Naproxen can provide instant relief. In case of mild joint and muscle pain, Acetaminophen is found to be effective. Severe cases require proper pain management that is possible only by consulting a GP. Other medicines that may help relieve pain are muscle relaxants, opioids and antidepressants, which are prescription medications.

Physical Therapy

After the pain is reduced, you can work with a qualified physical trainer to strengthen your muscles and stabilize your joint. Physical therapy includes heat and cold therapy, ultrasound, electric nerve stimulation and manipulation. Exercise is one of the best ways to reduce joint and muscle pain.

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