Wednesday, 3 August 2016

Know About Chickenpox

Chickenpox, or varicella, is a common viral infection characterised by the symptoms of itchy rash with fluid-filled blisters. The infection is highly contagious, especially to those who are not vaccinated and have not had the infection. Before the invention of vaccines, almost all people had been affected by this infection when they reached adulthood. However, the incidence is reduced dramatically.

Chickenpox is considered a mild disease. Still, it is always better to get vaccinated. The vaccine is safe and effective in preventing the infection and its complications.

Diagnosing Chickenpox
You or your little one need not require any medical tests to diagnose the infection. By noticing the clinical features, you can be sure of the disease, such as mild fever followed by skin rashes with fluid-filled blisters and scabs. However, you have to be very sure. That is because the symptoms are similar to insect bites and scabies. If you are not sure about the symptoms, visit your GP, who will carry out simple blood test to detect the virus.

When to seek help?
Consult your GP right away, if you notice any skin blister with fever and if you have been in contact with a person who is having chickenpox. It is highly imperative to seek medical help if you suspect chickenpox during pregnancy or breastfeeding. If left untreated, this infectious disease can lead to serious complications. Your doctor is the right person to suggest you whether you can breastfeed during chickenpox.

Chickenpox Treatment
Chickenpox is a self-limiting disease, so it clears up without any specific treatment. However, you need chickenpox medicines to ease the itch and discomfort. Following are the important steps that can help manage the symptoms –
·         OTC Painkiller like paracetamol reduces fever and pain
·         Stay hydrated by drinking plenty of water
·         Stop the itch by using calamine lotion or cooling gels
·         Use cool clothing
In severe or complicated cases, antiviral therapy is advised.